Your gums play an important role in protecting the health of your teeth. Healthy gums are necessary for the highest level of oral health. When gums recede, the tooth roots become exposed, causing them to be more vulnerable to decay. Exposed tooth roots can also lead to sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages.
In addition to more exposure of the tooth, pockets form between the tooth and gum. These pockets become food traps where bits of food debris can get caught. Bad bacteria accumulates in these areas, causing plaque to form. Without treatment, the plaque accumulation turns into calculus, or tartar. Tartar is a very hard substance that can only be removed with special dental instruments.
The tartar pushes the gums farther away from the teeth, and the gums become red and swollen. Bacteria activity can lead to bone loss, and eventually, the teeth will become loose and fall out. Proper diagnosis and treatment can prevent damage to the teeth and bone.
Periodontal disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in older adults. When applied early enough, treatment can prevent the loss of teeth and bone damage. Treatment begins with a thorough cleaning.
Plaque and tartar buildup are removed from the teeth with special instruments. An ultrasonic scaler may be used to shatter the tartar without damaging the soft tissue or teeth. Hand scalers may need to be used in some areas. After the tartar is removed, the roots of the tooth are planed, or smoothed down. This makes it possible for the gum to re-adhere to the tooth.
If gum tissue has been damaged, it may need to be removed. A special dressing may be attached to the surgical area to promote healing. In severe cases, antibiotics are placed on the gums to remove the infection.
Relief for Bleeding or Swollen Gums
Bleeding or swollen gums can be the result of gum disease. For females, this condition can also be the result of hormonal changes. Brushing the teeth too aggressively or with a stiff brush can also lead to bleeding gums and gum recession. Some medications can cause gum problems, and certain individuals may be prone to gum disease due to genetics.
Proper diagnosis of the disease and finding the cause will help determine the best treatment option. Contact Family Smiles Dental to schedule an appointment to find the cause of your bleeding gums.